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Ford Fusion Hybrid
2010 Ford Fusion Hybrid 2 -- 08-21-2009.jpg
Manufacturer Ford Motor Company
Production (CO2) 2009–present
Model years 2010–present
Assembly Hermosillo, Sonora, Mexico
Class Mid-size
Body style 4-door sedan
Layout FF layout

The Ford Fusion Hybrid is a gasoline-electric hybrid powered version of the mid-size Ford Fusion sedan developed by the Ford Motor Company, and launched to the U.S. market in March 2009 as a 2010 model, together with its twin the Mercury Milan Hybrid.[1] The second generation Ford Fusion Hybrid, released as a 2013 model year, went on sale in the U.S. in October 2012.[2] A plug-in hybrid version, the Ford Fusion Energi, is scheduled to be released by early 2013.[3]

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) rated the 2010 Ford Fusion Hybrid at 39 mpg-US (6.0 L/100 km; 47 mpg-imp) combined city/highway. The second generation hybrid improved the fuel economy rating to 47 mpg-US (5.0 L/100 km; 56 mpg-imp), with the same rating for combined city/highway cycles.[4] In January 2010 the Fusion Hybrid won the 2010 North American Car of the Year Award at the North American International Auto Show inDetroit.[5]

First generationEdit

First generation
Tino Rossini's Reviews - 011 - 2010 Ford Fusion Hybrid.jpg
Production (CO2) 2009–2012
Model years 2010–2012
Platform Ford CD3 platform
Engine Gasoline:
I4 2.5 L /156 hp (116 kW) Atkinson cycle
Electric:
Permanent Magnet AC Synchronous Motor
106 hp (79 kW) @ 6,500 rpm, 275 volts
Transmission Aisin power split device
Wheelbase 107.4 in (2,728 mm)
Length 190.6 in (4,841 mm)
Width 72.2 in (1,834 mm)
Height 56.9 in (1,445 mm)
Curb weight 3,720 lb (1,690 kg)
Related Mercury Milan Hybrid
Lincoln MKZ Hybrid
Ford Fusion

History and developmentEdit

The hybrid electric version of the Fusion was announced at the 2005 North American International Auto Show, along with the public introduction of the original 2006 Fusion. At that time Ford announced that the hybrid version was scheduled to be introduced in early 2009 for the 2010 model year, for a suggested retail price of US$27,270.[6][7] The new Fusion Hybrid and Fusion Sport officially debuted at the Greater Los Angeles Auto Show in November 2008.[8]

The Fusion Hybrid is manufactured at Ford's Hermosillo Stamping & Assembly plant, located in Sonora, Mexico.[9] Ford set a modest sales target of about 25,000 vehicles a year for the Fusion Hybrid and the similar Mercury Milan.[10]

File:Fusion vs Milan Hybrids.jpg
The Milan and Fusion hybrids share the same powertrain but feature different front and rear fascia designs, and distinct headlamps and taillights.

The Fusion Hybrid was made available for press testing in December 2008 and launched to the U.S market in March 2009. During the same month two other new hybrid models also came on sale, the Honda Insight and the Mercury Milan.[1] During the few days that were available to the public, Ford's new Fusion and Milan hybrids sold a combined 451 units, representing 3.0% of all Fusion and Milan models sold in March 2009.[1]

The Fusion is the first new hybrid vehicle the Ford brand offered in five years, and is the second hybrid vehicle after the Ford Escape Hybrid. The Ford Fusion and Mercury Milan hybrids join the Saturn Vue Green Line Hybrid for Mexican-built hybrid vehicles.[citation needed]

The 2011 Lincoln MKZ Hybrid, launched in the U.S. market in September 2010, shares the hybrid powertrain from the Ford Fusion and Mercury Milan hybrids, and delivers an estimated fuel economy of 41 mpg-US (5.7 L/100 km; 49 mpg-imp). The MKZ Hybrid offers several improvements of Ford's Smart Gauge with EcoGuide, first introduced in the 2010 Fusion Hybrid.[11][12]

Design and technologyEdit

The Fusion Hybrid is a "full" hybrid because both propulsion sources, an electric motor powered by a Sanyo supplied[13] 275 V nickel-metal hydride battery, and a 2.5L Atkinson cycle I4 156 hp 136 ft.lbs.[citation needed] gas engine with late intake valve closing (iVCT), have substantial power ratings and either can be used alone to propel the vehicle.[9][14] When braking or decelerating, the Fusion's hybrid system uses regenerative braking, where the electric drive motor becomes a generator, converting the vehicle's momentum back to electricity for storage in the batteries. Ford claims that nearly 94 percent energy recovery is achieved by first delivering full regenerative braking followed by friction brakes during city driving.[9] Under ideal conditions, Ford claims the Fusion Hybrid can cruise 2 miles (3.2 km) at up to 47 miles per hour (76 km/h) on battery power alone.[15]

SafetyEdit

The Ford Fusion line-up was included in the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety 2010 "Top Safety Pick's" rating for the mid-size category.[16][17] As of June 2010, Ford Fusion and Mercury Milan hybrids are the only two mid-size hybrid vehicles in the list.[18] Due to the fact that Ford recently modified and strengthened the roof structure of the Flex, Fusion, and MKT vehicles, these 2010 ratings apply only to Lincoln MKZs, Mercury Milan and Fusions built after April 2010.[16]

Fuel economy and environmental performanceEdit

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has rated the fuel economy for the 2010 Fusion Hybrid at 41 miles per US gallon (5.7 L/100 km; 49 mpg-imp) city, 36 miles per US gallon (6.5 L/100 km; 43 mpg-imp) highway.[19] The following table compares fuel economy, carbon footprint, and petroleum consumption between the hybrid version and other drivetrains of the Fusion family as estimated by the EPA and the U.S. Department of Energy:

Economic and environmental performance comparison among
the several Fusion powertrains available in the U.S. market
Type of
Powertrain
Type of
fuel
Year
model
EPA
City
mileage
(mpg)
EPA
Highway
mileage
(mpg)
Annual
fuel
cost (1) (2)
(USD)
Carbon
footprint

(Ton/yr
of CO2) (3)
Annual
Petroleum
Use
(barrel)</small>
Hybrid electric FWD
Automatic (variable gear ratios), 4 cyl, 2.5L[20]
Gasoline 2011 41 36$1,083 4.8 8.8
FWD Automatic 6-spd, 4 cyl, 2.5L[21]Gasoline 2011 23 33 $1,629 7.213.2
FWD Automatic (S6), 6 cyl, 3.0L[22]Gasoline 2011 20 28$1,8408.114.9
E85 flex-fuel 2011 14 21$2,2696.65.0
FWD Automatic (S6), 6 cyl, 3.5L[23]Gasoline 2011 18 27 $2,013 8.916.3
AWD Automatic (S6), 6 cyl, 3.0L[24]Gasoline 2011 18 26$2,1159.317.1
E85 flex-fuel 2011 13 19$2,4217.15.3
Notes: (1) Estimates assumes 45% highway driving, 55% city driving, and 15,000 annual miles. (2) Average U.S. prices: $2.82/gallon for
gasoline, and $2.42/gallon for E85 fuel. E85 prices vary widely by region. As of early November 2010 the minimum price was $2.02/gallon in
Illinois and the maximum price was $2.99/gallon in New York.[25] (3) Direct carbon footprint only and does not account for any potential
indirect land use change impacts of biofuels.

The Ford Fusion Hybrid EPA's fuel economy rating is better than the 2011 Toyota Camry Hybrid (32 miles per gallon city, 33 highway), the Nissan Altima Hybrid (35 miles per gallon city, 33 highway), and the Chevrolet Malibu Hybrid (26 miles per gallon city, 34 highway), considered its main competitors in the mid-size sedan segment. The newer 2012 Toyota Camry Hybrid LE model (43 miles per gallon city, 39 highway) now has an advantage over the 2012 Ford Fusion (41 miles per gallon city, 39 highway) by a slight margin in the city.

Economic and environmental performance comparison
among the Fusion Hybrid and same class hybrid models available in the U.S.[26][27]
Vehicle Year
model
EPA
City
mileage
(mpg)
EPA
Highway
mileage
(mpg)
Annual
fuel
cost (1)
(USD)
Tailpipe
emissions
(grams per
mile CO2)
EPA
Air Pollution
Score

Cal/Other(2)
Annual
Petroleum
Use
(barrel)
Toyota Prius (3rd gen) 2010/11/12 51 48$1,150 178 9/7 6.6
Honda Civic Hybrid2012 44 44 $1,300 202 9/8 7.5
Toyota Prius v 2012 44 40 $1,350 212 8/7 7.8
Lexus CT 200h 2011/12 43 40 $1,350 212 8/7 7.8
Honda Insight (2nd gen)2012 41 41$1,350212 9/7 7.8
Honda Civic Hybrid 2010 40 45 $1,350 212 9/8 7.8
Honda Civic Hybrid 2011 40 43 $1,400 217 9/8 8.0
Honda Insight (2nd gen) 2010/11 40 43 $1,400 217 9/8 8.0
Toyota Camry Hybrid LE (XV50)2012 43 39 $1,400 2179/7 8.0
Toyota Camry Hybrid XLE (XV50)2012 40 38 $1,400 222 9/7 8.2
Ford Fusion Hybrid
Mercury Milan Hybrid
Lincoln MKZ Hybrid
2010/11/12
2010/11
2011/12
41 36 $1,450 228 9/7 8.4
Hyundai Sonata Hybrid
Kia Optima Hybrid
2011/12 35 40 $1,550 240 8/8 8.9
Nissan Altima Hybrid 2010 35 33 $1,650 261 9 9.7
Toyota Camry Hybrid 2010 33 34 $1,650 261 9/79.7
Nissan Altima Hybrid 2011 33 33 $1,700 269 9 10.0
Toyota Camry Hybrid 2011 31 35 $1,700 269 9/7 10.0
Notes:
(1) Estimates assumes 15,000 miles (24,000 km) per year (45% highway, 55% city split) using average fuel price $3.79/gallon (national average as of March 2012).[28]
(2) Cal: California and Northeastern States; Other: All states except California and Northeastern States. The Nissan Altima Hybrid was available only in California.
Source: U.S. Department of Energy and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency[26][27]

In 2009, Edmunds tested a Fusion Hybrid over two days of mixed city and highway driving against other hybrids or fuel efficient cars like the Toyota Prius, the Honda Insight, the Volkswagen Jetta TDI automatic and the MINI Cooper with manual transmission.[29] The results are summarized in the following table:

Edmunds comparison of the Fusion Hybrid
with several hybrids and fuel efficient cars[29]
(mpg)
Vehicle Back roads City loop Highway Overall EPA
City/Hwy
2010 Toyota Prius 47.248.7 47.447.651/48
2010 Honda Insight 44.143.4 38.6 42.3 40/43
2009 Volkswagen Jetta TDI A6 41.2 31.640.638.1 29/40
2010 Ford Fusion Hybrid 39.6 35.1 36.037.341/36
2009 MINI Cooper M6 38.5 30.1 33.334.5 28/37

Motor Trend found that their Fusion Hybrid delivered only 33.5 miles per US gallon (7.02 L/100 km; 40.2 mpg-imp) in 500 miles (800 km) of mixed driving, 5 mpg off the EPA combined rating. Over another 160 miles (260 km) of testing against a Toyota Camry Hybrid, the same car only achieved 31.8 miles per US gallon (7.40 L/100 km; 38.2 mpg-imp), while the Camry Hybrid delivered 32.7 miles per US gallon (7.19 L/100 km; 39.3 mpg-imp). "If our early numbers hold up, the Fusion Hybrid would be a rare instance of the EPA relapsing into the world of mileage make-believe." However, they noted that when driven very conservatively, the EPA numbers could be achieved. "In typical driving, you might as well throw the Fusion's EPA numbers out the window. But if you decide to really work at it, they're possible."[30] Car and Driver also tested a Fusion Hybrid and achieved no more than 34 miles per US gallon (6.9 L/100 km; 41 mpg-imp) over 300 miles (480 km) of driving, which was greater than the Camry Hybrid (31 miles per US gallon (7.6 L/100 km; 37 mpg-imp)) or Nissan Altima Hybrid (32 miles per US gallon (7.4 L/100 km; 38 mpg-imp)) though not by the margin indicated by the EPA ratings.[31]

File:2010 Ford Fusion Hybrid WAS 2010 8962.JPG
The 2010 Ford Fusion Hybrid promotional vehicle involved in the 1000 Mile Challenge

According to Ford, the vehicle was built to have a fuel efficiency of 41 mpg in the city and 36 mpg on the highway by EPA standards.[32] On December 2008, Autoblog Green staff reported they had obtained in-city mileage of 43.1 mpg on the streets of Los Angeles.[33] In addition, a Los Angeles Times reporter informed in December 2008 that he had obtained 52 mpg in mixed city-highway driving with little difficulty.[34]

On a single-tank publicity stunt conducted on April 2009, a Fusion Hybrid managed 81.5 miles per US gallon (2.89 L/100 km; 97.9 mpg-imp) on a 1,445.7 mile trip.[35][36]

Edmunds' InsideLine received a 2010 Fusion Hybrid as a long-term test car. Over 11,000 miles (18,000 km) of driving, their vehicle had only averaged 31.3 mpg-US (7.51 L/100 km; 37.6 mpg-imp), with a best tank of 37.7 mpg-US (6.24 L/100 km; 45.3 mpg-imp) and a worst tank of 24.4 mpg-US (9.64 L/100 km; 29.3 mpg-imp).[37]

Payback time

According to Edmunds.com, the price premium paid for the Fusion Hybrid takes 5 years to recover in fuel savings as compared to its non-hybrid sibling, and is one of the quickest payback periods among top selling hybrids as of February 2012. Edmunds compared the hybrid version priced at US$27,678 with a comparably-equipped gasoline-powered Fusion priced at US$24,493 and found that the payback period is 6 years for gasoline at US$3 per gallon, 4 years at US$4 per gallon, and drops to 3 years with gasoline prices at US$5 per gallon. These estimates assume an average of 15,000 mi (24,000 km) annual driving and vehicle prices correspond to Edmunds.com's true market value estimates.[38] For the same two vehicles, the U.S. EPA estimates the Fusion Hybrid annual fuel cost at US$1,431 while the gasoline-powered Fusion has an annual fuel cost of US$2,2,320. EPA estimates are based on 45% highway and 55% city driving, over 15,000 annual miles, and gasoline price of US$3.72 per gallon, the national average as of February 2012.[39] The Lincoln MKZ Hybrid has no price premium.[38]

SmartGauge for eco drivingEdit

File:Ford Fusion Hybrid digital panels.jpg
Digital panels to keep track of eco driving style (top) and current drive propulsion (bottom).

The Fusion Hybrid comes with a SmartGauge with EcoGuide which features two 4.3-inch high-resolution, full-color LCD screens on either side of the vehicle’s analog speedometer. The objective of these panel display is to coach drivers on how to optimize the performance of their hybrid by keeping track of their eco driving improvements.[40][41][42]

These screens can be configured to show different levels of driver information, including fuel and battery power levels, and average and instant fuel economy. When set in tutorial mode, the instrument panel in the right side “grows” leaves and vines on-screen to reward fuel-efficient driving. The more leaves and vines that appear, the more efficient the driving behavior is and the more fuel is being saved. Long-term fuel efficiency can be also be displayed as a traditional chart. The left side display shows when the car is in pure-electric mode, and shows the state of battery charge.[40][41][42]

The 2011 Lincoln MKZ Hybrid, launched in September 2010, offers an improvement of Ford's SmartGauge with EcoGuide introduced with the 2010 Fusion and Milan hybrids.[11][12]

Tax creditEdit

The Fusion Hybrid qualified for a maximum hybrid tax credit of US$3,400 if purchased by March 31, 2009. The credit dropped to US$ 1,700 if purchased by September 30, 2009, to US$850 if purchased from October 2009 and March 31, 2010, and phased out on April 1, 2010.[43]

Other marketsEdit

The Brazilian version of the Fusion Hybrid was unveiled at the 2010 São Paulo International Auto Show. Sales began in November 2010 at a price of R$133.900 (~US$78.500). The Fusion Hybrid was the first full hybrid car sold in Brazil.[44] Imported from Mexico, the Fusion Hybrid engine performance and fuel system durability was tested with the Brazilian mandatory E20 to E25 ethanol blends.[45]

Second generationEdit

Second generation
Ford Fusion Energi SEL WAS 2012 0574.JPG
Production (CO2) 2012–
Model years 2013–
Platform Ford EUCD platform
Engine 2.0L I4
Transmission CVT, Ford HF35 (hybrid and PHEV)
Wheelbase 112.2 in (2,850 mm)
Length 191.7 in (4,869 mm)
Width 72.9 in (1,852 mm)
Height 58.1 in (1,476 mm)
Related Ford Mondeo

A complete redesign of the Ford Fusion lineup for the model year 2013 was unveiled at the 2012 North American International Auto Show. The new lineup includes three optional engines for the conventional four-cylinder-only gasoline model, a next-generation hybrid version, and a plug-in hybrid version, the Ford Fusion Energi. The Ford Fusion will become the first production sedan to offer these three powertrain options.[3] In April 2012 Ford announced that an auto start-stop system will be available for the 1.6-liter EcoBoost engine non-hybrid version, at a price of US$295. The expected fuel economy is a combined 37 mpg-US (6.4 L/100 km; 44 mpg-imp).[46] Sales of the gasoline-powered and hybrid version began in the U.S. in October 2012.[2] Sales in Europe and Asia, under the Ford Mondeo name, are expected to begin in 2013.[47][48]

File:Ford Fusion Energi SEL WAS SEL 2012 0598.JPG
2013 Ford Fusion Hybrid rear view

The nickel-metal hydride batteries used in the hybrid first generation are replaced with lithium-ion batteries.[48] The 2013 model year Fusion Hybrid is more fuel efficient than its predecessor, with a US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) rating of 47 mpg-US (5.0 L/100 km; 56 mpg-imp) with the same rating for combined/city/highway cycles. This rating is also the same Ford achieved for the 2013 Ford C-Max Hybrid, as both hybrids share the same engine and drivetrain. These ratings allowed the 2013 Fusion Hybrid to outperform the 2012 Toyota Camry Hybrid LE by 4 mpg-US city and 8 mpg-US highway, and to become the most efficient midsize hybrid sedan in the U.S. as of September 2012.[49]

The second generation hybrid has a powertrain with a 2.0-liter Atkinson-cycle inline-four – downsized from the 2.5-liter unit used in the current Fusion Hybrid. Total output is estimated at 185 hp (138 kW) and 130 ft·lb (180 N·m), running to the front wheels via an electronically controlled continuously variable transmission.[50] The lithium-ion battery pack saves weight and generates more power than previous NiMH batteries, and allows the second generation Fusion Hybrid to raise its maximum speed under electric-only power from 47 to 62 mph (76 to 100 km/h).[47]

The 2013 Fusion Hybrid includes driver assistance and technologies based on sensors, cameras and radar that enable the car to see and respond. Fusion can help drivers maintain proper lane position (Lane Keeping System); adjust vehicle speed to changing traffic conditions through adaptive cruise control; active park assist to help identify suitable parking spaces and help park; and Blind Spot Information System (BLIS) with cross-traffic alert, which consists of sensors in both rear quarter-panels that are able to detect traffic in a driver’s blind spot, providing both audible and visual warnings if traffic unseen by the driver is detected. BLIS technology enables cross-traffic alert, even aiding drivers backing out of parking space where visibility is obstructed.[47][51]

File:2013 Lincoln MKZ Hybrid -- 2012 NYIAS.JPG
The 2013 Lincoln MKZ Hybrid was unveiled at the 2012 New York International Auto Show

During the 2012 North American International Auto Show Ford also unveiled the Lincoln MKZ concept model.[52] Ford will also offer a hybrid option of the redesigned 2013 Lincoln MKZ, expected to be available by late 2012, and like the previous MKZ generation, the MKZ Hybrid will be available for the same price as the non-hybrid model.[53][54]

The EPA rated the 2013 MKZ Hybrid at 45 mpg-US (5.2 L/100 km; 54 mpg-imp) with the same rating for combined/city/highway cycles.[55] These ratings allowed the 2013 MKZ Hybrid to become the most fuel efficient luxury vehicle in the U.S. and to improve the fuel economy of the Lexus ES 300h hybrid by 5 mpg-US on the combined cycle. Despite sharing the same powertrain, the 2013 MKZ Hybrid rated 2 mpg-US combined less than its sibling the second generation Ford Fusion Hybrid.[53]

Plug-in hybridEdit

File:Ford Fusion Energi badge WAS 2012 0572.jpg
Ford's leaf road logo badge used for the Fusion Energi.

The Fusion Energi is a plug-in hybrid unveiled at the 2012 North American International Auto Show,[48] and scheduled to go on sale by early 2013.[3] Pricing starts at US$39,495 and due to the capacity of its battery pack, the Energi qualifies for a federal tax credit up to US$4,000 and any applicable state and local incentives.[56]

The Fusion Energi uses the same non-turbo 2-liter 4-cylinder engine supplements as the 2013 Fusion Hybrid to assist the electric motor.[48] The Energi is expected to achieve an all-electric range of 21 mi (34 km), and a top speed of 85 mph (137 km/h) in electric mode.[57] According to Ford, when operating in all-electric mode the Fusion Energi will deliver an estimated EPA rating of 100 miles per gallon gasoline equivalent (MPGe) (2.4 L/100 km equivalent).[48] The Fusion Energi estimated fuel economy equivalent is expected to be 8 MPGe better than the Chevrolet Volt and 13 MPGe equivalent more than the expected efficiency of the Toyota Prius Plug-in Hybrid model.[47][50] In hybrid operation, the Energi is expected to rate about 4 mpg below the 2013 Fusion hybrid’s combined EPA rating of 47 mpg-US (5.0 L/100 km; 56 mpg-imp).[57]

Awards and recognitionsEdit

First generation
File:Ford Fusion at NAIAS 2012 003.jpg
The 2013 Ford Fusion line-up, including the Fusion hybrid and plug-in variants, won the 2013 Green Car of the Year.
  • In December 2009, Car and Driver magazine listed the 2010 Fusion Hybrid among one of the "10 Best Cars". The magazine stated that the Fusion Hybrid was the most advanced of all the cars they tested.[61]
  • In December 2009, Automobile Magazine named the Fusion Hybrid one of the 2010 Automobile All-Stars.[62]
  • In January 2010, the Fusion Hybrid won the 2010 North American Car of the Year Award at the Detroit Auto Show.[5]
  • In February 2010, Consumer Reports included the Fusion Hybrid in the "American Top Picks 2010" leading the Green Car category.[63]
  • In April 2010, Kelley Blue Book again included the Ford Fusion Hybrid among its 2010 list of "Top 10 Green Cars".[64]
  • In March 2010, Mother Earth News included the 2010 Fusion Hybrid in its list of "Best Green Cars of 2010".[65]
  • In February 2011, Consumer Reports included the Fusion Hybrid in the "American Top Picks 2011" leading the Green Car category.[66]
Second generation

SalesEdit

File:Ford leaf road logo.jpg
The Fusion Hybrid is identified by Ford's leaf road logo badge.

During 2009, the Fusion Hybrid sold in the U.S. market a total of 15,554 units and the Milan Hybrid 1,486 units, as reported by the manufacturers. Although the Fusion Hybrid helped Ford bypass Honda to become the second biggest seller of hybrids in the US market in the month of December 2009, for the whole year of 2009, Honda sold more hybrid vehicles (35,691 units) than Ford (33,520 units) and the 2010 Honda Insight also outsold the Fusion Hybrid, with 20,572 units.[68]

For the year 2010, U.S. sales of Ford Fusion Hybrid reached of 20,816 units, helping the model to become the third best selling hybrid in 2010 after the Toyota Prius and Honda Insight.[69] The Milan Hybrid sold 1,416 units in 2010 and its production was discontinued as part of Ford's decision to phase out the entire Mercury brand.[69][70] Purchases from the Obama administration accounted for almost a third of the Ford Fusion Hybrids produced between 2009 and late 2010.[71]

Ford reported that Fusion sales reached 151,004 units through July 2011, of which, 7,780 were the hybrid version, representing a 5.1% market share of all Fusion sales.[72][73] Considering cumulative sales of 7,996 units until August 2011, the Fusion Hybrid ranked as the fifth most sold hybrid model in 2011, and was outsold only by the Hyundai Sonata Hybrid, Honda CR-Z, Honda Insight, and Toyota Prius.[74] During year 2011, the Fusion Hybrid sold 11,286 units and the Lincoln MKZ Hybrid sold 5,739 units, ranking sixth and tenth correspondingly, in hybrid sales for calendar year 2011.[75]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 US Hybrid Sales in March 2009 Down 44% Year-on-Year; Monthly New Vehicle Market Share of 2.5%. Green Car Congress (April 3, 2009). Retrieved on June 6, 2009.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Ford Motor Company (2012-11-02). Ford C-MAX Hybrid Outsells Toyota Prius v in First Full Sales Month, Helps Ford Set Hybrid, Small Vehicle Sales Records. Media Ford. Retrieved on 2012-11-18.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Ford. 2013 Fusion. Ford. Retrieved on 2012-06-10.
  4. U.S. Department of Energy and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (2012-11-21). Compare Side-by-Side - 2010 vs 2013 Ford Fusion Hybrid FWD. fueleconomy.gov. Retrieved on 2012-11-22.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Jerry Garret (January 11, 2010). "Detroit Auto Show: Ford Sweeps Car and Truck of the Year". New York Times. http://wheels.blogs.nytimes.com/2010/01/11/detroit-auto-show-ford-fusion-hybrid-wins-car-of-the-year/. Retrieved September 27, 2010. 
  6. "Ford Fusion hybrid to hit auto show circuit soon". DetroitNews.com. August 15, 2007. Archived from the original on October 11, 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20071011173737/http://info.detnews.com/autosinsider/sneakpeek/index.cfm?id=26578. Retrieved November 18, 2007. 
  7. Gluckman, David (August 2007). "Spied: 2009 Ford Fusion – Car News". Car and Driver. http://www.caranddriver.com/carnews/13741/spied-2009-ford-fusion.html?al=99. Retrieved November 18, 2007. 
  8. 2010 Ford Fusion Hybrid to pace NASCAR Sprint Cup. WorldCarFans.com. Black Falcon Media Group (November 11, 2008).
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 2010 Ford Fusion (PDF). Ford Motor Company. Retrieved on June 6, 2009. See specs for the hybrid model
  10. Bill Vlasic (December 30, 2008). "Ford Hybrid Emphasizes High Mileage". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/12/31/business/31ford.html?scp=2&sq=Prius%20Fusion%20Hybrid&st=cse. Retrieved June 6, 2009. 
  11. 11.0 11.1 Mike Floyd (March 2010). 2011 Lincoln MKZ Hybrid. Motor Trend. Retrieved on April 5, 2010.
  12. 12.0 12.1 Ford Introduces 2011 Lincoln MKZ Hybrid; Projected 41 mpg City. Green Car Congress (March 31, 2010). Retrieved on April 5, 2010.
  13. Abuelsamid, Sam (October 30, 2008). Tech Analysis: 2010 Ford Fusion/Mercury Milan powertrains, 38 mpg hybrid! – Autoblog Green. Autobloggreen.com. Retrieved on October 17, 2009.
  14. Fusion Especifications. Ford Motor Company. Retrieved on June 6, 2009. See boxes "Gas Engine Specifications (Hybrid Model)" and "Electric Motor Specifications (Hybrid Model)"
  15. "Ford Fusion Hybrid". Hybrid Cars. http://www.hybridcars.com/vehicle/ford-fusion-hybrid.html. Retrieved June 6, 2009. 
  16. 16.0 16.1 TOP SAFETY PICKs 2010. Insurance Institute for Highway Safety. Retrieved on June 12, 2010.
  17. IIHS chooses 9 more Top Safety Picks. Consumer Reports (June 9, 2010). Retrieved on June 12, 2010.
  18. Ford Fusion, Mercury Milan hybrids earn IIHS "Top Safety Pick". AutoblogGreen (June 12, 2010). Retrieved on June 12, 2010.
  19. 2010 Ford Fusion Hybrid Information (January 8, 2009). Retrieved on January 8, 2009.
  20. 2011 Ford Fusion Hybrid FWD – Source. Fueleconomy.gov. Retrieved on December 19, 2010.
  21. Ford Fusion FWD 2.5L -Source. Fueleconomy.gov. Retrieved on December 19, 2010.
  22. Comparison Ford Fusion FWD FFV vs Gasoline -Source. Fueleconomy.gov. Retrieved on December 19, 2010.
  23. Ford Fusion FWD 3.5L -Source. Fueleconomy.gov. Retrieved on December 19, 2010.
  24. Comparison Ford Fusion AWD FFV vs Gasoline -Source. Fueleconomy.gov. Retrieved on December 19, 2010.
  25. Reported E85 Prices. E85Prices.com. Retrieved on November 3, 2010.
  26. 26.0 26.1 Hybrid Vehicles: Model Years: 2012 - 2013. U.S. Department of Energy and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved on 2012-03-13. Click on Fuel Economy tab and Energy and Environment tab. See also here to compare for other model years
  27. 27.0 27.1 Find and Compare Cars. U.S. Department of Energy and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved on 2012-03-13. For model year 2010 and 2011 browse by model selecting the corresponding year, make and model.
  28. Personalize: estimated with fuel economy default values. Fueleconomy.gov. Retrieved on 2012-03-13.
  29. 29.0 29.1 James Riswick. Fuel Sipper Smackdown 2: Which Car Gets the Best Fuel Economy?. Edmunds.com. Retrieved on March 6, 2010.
  30. Kim Reynolds (January 2009). Comparison: 2010 Ford Fusion Hybrid vs 2009 Toyota Camry Hybrid. Motor Trend. Retrieved on June 26, 2010.
  31. 2010 Ford Fusion Hybrid vs. Camry Hybrid, Altima Hybrid, and Malibu Hybrid – Comparison Tests. Car and Driver (February 2009). Retrieved on June 26, 2010.
  32. 41 mpg! All-new FORD Fusion hybrid is now America’s most fuel-efficient mid-size car. Ford Motor Company (December 23, 2008). Retrieved on June 6, 2009.
  33. First Drive: 2010 Ford Fusion Hybrid. AutoblogGreen (December 13, 2008). Retrieved on December 31, 2008.
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