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List of hybrid vehicles

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File:Lohner Porsche.jpg

This is a list of hybrid vehicles, including both regular hybrid electric vehicles and plug-in hybrids in chronological order of first production:

AutomobilesEdit

Early designs: 1899-1917Edit

Year Company Name Type Comments
Pre-1960
1899 Jacob Lohner & Co. Automobile
1900 Pieper of Belgium Automobile
1901 Jacob Lohner & Co. Lohner Porsche Automobile
1905 Fischer Motor Vehicle Co. Petrol-electric Omnibus Bus
1906 Auto-Mixte Automobile Pieper patent
1907 AL (French car) Automobile
1911 Tilling-Stevens TTA1 petrol-electric (in service on Thomas Tilling routes) Bus Petrol-electric transmission, but no storage battery and no propulsion except with the petrol engine running.
1917 Wood's Dual Power Car Automobile
1950s
1951 Compagnie Normande d'Etudes Arbel Automobile A petrol-electric hybrid powered on the Lohner-Porsche principle. Very few made and most were prototypes. A nuclear power plant was proposed for the 1958 version.
1960s
1969 General Motors General Motors XP-883 Automobile
1970s
1972 Towns Microdot Automobile
1980s
1980 Daihatsu Motor Co. Daihatsu Charmant Hybrid Automobile This four-door, four-seater car was part of a series of EV prototypes constructed by Daihatsu in the seventies and eighties. It used a 550 cc two-cylinder engine which charged and was augmented by two DC electric motors during acceleration.[5]
1986 Twike Automobile The Twike HEHV designed by a group of Swiss students debuted at the 1986 World expo in Vancouver, Canada. It remains in limited production and available in the USA (source: Neiman Marcus Christmas Book 2007, page 89).
1986 Honda Gaselle Autombile The Goldwing engine-based Gaselle hybrid gas/electric prototype built by Sarabjit Gandhi drove 8050 km in 16 days as part of the World Energy Autocross.
1990s
1991 Hino Hino Blue Ribbon HIMR Bus
1992 Volvo Cars Volvo ECC Automobile Gas turbine-electric
1993 Mitsubishi Mitsubishi Fuso Aero Star MBECS, first generation Bus
1993 Hino Model Unknown, medium duty, for sale in Japan only. First generation Truck
1995 Nissan Nissan Diesel UA ERIP Bus
1996 Isuzu Isuzu Cubic CHASSE Bus
1996 Gillig Phantom Hybrid Bus
1997 Toyota Toyota Coaster Hybrid EV Bus first Japanese series hybrid bus
1997 Toyota Toyota Prius (Japanese market only) Automobile
1998 New Flyer H40LF (diesel-electric hybrid bus), 'H' later changed to 'DE' Bus
1999 Honda Honda Insight Automobile
1999 Orion VI Hybrid Bus
2000s
2000 Toyota Toyota Prius (introduced to US market) Automobile 1NZ-FXE 4cyl engine, 2001-2003 model
2001 Toyota Toyota Crown Automobile mild hybrid, Japan only
2001 Toyota Toyota Estima (Japan only) Automobile
2002 Honda Honda Civic Hybrid Automobile mild hybrid, 2003 model
2002? Mazda Mazda Demio e-4WD (Japanese market only, used for traction assistance) Automobile
2002 Mitsubishi Mitsubishi Fuso Aero Star Nonstep HEV bus, second generation Bus
2002 Nova Bus RTS HEV bus (4 units built) Bus
2002 MCI D4000 HEV (4 units built) Bus
2002 Wright Electrocity Bus
2002 New Flyer DE60LF Bus
2003 Hino Hino Ranger Hybrid, light-duty, for sale in Japan only. Fourth generation Truck
2003 Orion VII hybrid bus[6] Bus
2003 TransBus Enviro200H Bus
2003 Suzuki Suzuki Twin Automobile
2003 Toyota Toyota Alphard hybrid (Japan only) Automobile
2003 Toyota Toyota Prius Automobile (5-seat midsize, 2004-2009 model, second generation Hybrid Synergy Drive 1,000,000 sold (as of May 15, 2008))
2003 Toyota Dyna Diesel Hybrid/Toyoace hybrid (commercial truck, Japan only, diesel hybrid) Automobile
2004 Chevrolet Chevrolet Silverado/GMC Sierra Hybrid Automobile mild hybrid, w/no electrical motor for propulsion, electricity only used to power accessories
2004 Ford Ford Escape Hybrid (2005 model) Automobile
2004 Honda Honda Accord Hybrid Automobile mild hybrid, 2005-2007 model, discontinued due to slow sales
2004 Toyota Hino Dutro/Toyota Dyna Hybrid, light-duty, for sale in Japan only. Fourth generation Truck
2004 New Flyer GE40LF (gasoline-electric hybrid bus) Bus
2004 Hino Hino S'elega R Hybrid Bus
2004 Hino Hino Blue Ribbon City Hybrid Bus
2004 Gillig Low Floor Hybrid Bus
2005 Honda Honda Civic Hybrid Automobile 2006 model, second generation
2005 Lexus Lexus RX 400h Automobile 2006 model, 3MZ-FE V6 engine
2005 Mercury automobile Mercury Mariner hybrid Automobile
2005 Toyota Toyota Highlander/Klueger Hybrid Automobile 2006-2007 model, 3MZ-FE V6 engine
2006 IC Corporation Hybrid School Bus Bus
2006 Nova Bus LFS HEV Bus
2006 Wrightbus Wright Pulsar Gemini HEV Bus
2006 New Flyer DE40LFR Bus
2006 Lexus Lexus GS 450h Automobile 2007 model, 2GR-FSE engine
2006 Saturn Corporation Saturn Vue Green Line Automobile BAS, mild hybrid, 2007 model
2006 Toyota Toyota Camry Hybrid Automobile 2007 model, 2AZ-FXE engine
2006 Toyota Toyota Estima hybrid (redesign, minivan, Japan only) Automobile It is claimed by Toyota to be the world's first hybrid minibus.
2006 Mitsubishi Fuso Truck & Bus Corporation Canter Eco Hybrid Truck
2006 International FTTS Truck
2007 Lexus Lexus LS600hL Automobile 2008 model, first V8 full hybrid, 2UR-FSE engine
2007 Mazda Mazda Tribute (2008 model) Automobile
2007 New Flyer DE60LFR Bus
2007 Nissan Nissan Altima (licensed Toyota Hybrid Synergy Drive) Automobile
2007 Saturn Corporation Saturn Aura Green Line Hybrid Automobile BAS, mild hybrid, 2008-2010 model
2007 Toyota Toyota Highlander/Klueger Hybrid Automobile 2008 vehicle redesign, mostly same 3MZ-FE V6 engine
2007 Hino Hybrid 6500 Medium, light-duty, available in Australia.[7] Truck
2007 E-ONE[8] Hybrid Command Center Truck
2007 Eaton Corp. Medium-duty hybrid trucks fully commercialized in conjunction with FedEx Express and other partners[9] Truck
2008 Alexander Dennis Alexander Dennis Enviro200H Bus
2008 Alexander Dennis Alexander Dennis Enviro400H Bus
2008 Alexander Dennis Alexander Dennis Enviro500H Bus
2008 Beiqi Foton in Guangzhou, China with Eaton Corp. diesel-electric hybrid powertrains [10] Bus
2008 Hino Hino S'elega Hybrid (second generation) Bus
2008 Optare Optare Tempo Bus
2008 Volvo Volvo B5L Hybrid Bus
2008 Wrightbus Wright Gemini 2 HEV Bus
2008 Cadillac Cadillac Escalade (Global Hybrid Cooperation, 2009 model) Automobile
2008 Chevrolet Chevrolet Malibu (BAS, mild hybrid, canceled in 2009) Automobile
2008 Chevrolet Chevrolet Tahoe (Global Hybrid Cooperation, 2008 model, SUV, RWD/AWD) Automobile
2008 Chevrolet Chevrolet Silverado Hybrid (Global Hybrid Cooperation, first full hybrid full-size pickup, 2009 model) Automobile
2008 Dodge Dodge Durango (Global Hybrid Cooperation, SUV, 2009 model) Automobile
2008 GMC GMC Sierra Hybrid (Global Hybrid Cooperation, 2009 model) Automobile
2008 GMC GMC Yukon Hybrid (Global Hybrid Cooperation, 2008 model) Automobile
2008 Honda Honda FCX Clarity (Hydrogen Fuel cell Hybrid) Automobile
2008 Saturn Corporation Saturn AURA Green Line (mild hybrid, 2008-2010 model Automobile
2008 Toyota Toyota Crown hybrid Automobile redesign, now a full hybrid, Japanese market
2008 BYD Auto BYD F3DM Plug-in hybrid, (China market) Automobile
2008 Komatsu Limited Komatsu PC200-8 Hybrid excavator Excavator
2009 BMW BMW X6 ActiveHybrid Automobile Global Hybrid Cooperation, BMW's first full hybrid, US market
2009 Ford Ford Fusion Hybrid (2010 model year, midsize car) Automobile
2009 Honda Honda Insight (2010 model year, second-generation model, now as a 5-door hatchback) Automobile
2009 Lexus Lexus RX 450h Automobile 2010 model, 2GR-FXE V6 engine, 2nd generation
2009 Lexus Lexus HS 250h/Toyota Sai Automobile 2AZ-FXE engine, similar to Camry hybird
2009 Lincoln-Mercury Mercury Milan Hybrid (2010 model, midsize car) Automobile
2009 Mercedes-Benz Mercedes S400 BlueHybrid (Global Hybrid Cooperation, mild hybrid, first lithium-ion battery hybrid and first Mercedes hybrid) Automobile
2009 Toyota Toyota Prius Automobile 3rd generation, 2010 model year, 2ZR-FXE I4 engine
2009 Phoenix Motorcars Phoenix Motorcars: Starts selling plug-in hybrid SUV & Truck in California 2009 (also available all-electric); Assembled in the USA; no projected release date outside CA yet Automobile
2009 Hyundai Motor Company Hyundai Elantra LPI Hybrid: first hybrid to adopt advanced lithium polymer (Li–Poly) batteries and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) as fuel; South Korean market only Automobile
2010s
2010 BMW BMW ActiveHybrid 7 (mild hybrid, lithium-ion battery) Automobile
2010 Honda Honda CR-Z Automobile
2010 Honda Honda Fit Hybrid[11] Automobile
2010 Hyundai Hyundai Sonata Hybrid Automobile 2011 model, sales began end of 2010
2010 Toyota Toyota Auris Hybrid Automobile 2ZR-FXE I4 engine. similar to 3rd gen Prius powertrain
2010 Toyota Toyota Highland hybrid Automobile revised hybrid powertrain, similar to RX 450h, 2011 model
2010 Mazda Mazda Tribute Crossover
2010 Lincoln Lincoln MKZ Hybrid Automobile 2011 model
2010 Porsche Porsche Cayenne S Automobile 2011 model, sales began end of 2010
2010 General Motors Chevrolet Volt plug-in hybrid Automobile 2011 model
2010 Alexander Dennis Alexander Dennis Enviro350H Bus
2010 Optare Optare Versa Bus
2011 Hyundai Kia Optima Hybrid Automobile 2011 model
2011 Honda Honda Civic Hybrid Automobile 2011 redesign, 1.5L engine, lithium-ion batter
2011 Infiniti Infiniti M35 Hybrid Automobile 2011 model
2011 Toyota Toyota Prius v/Toyota Prius α Automobile 2012 model. It will be called Prius + in Europe
2011 Toyota Toyota Camry Hybrid Automobile 2012 model
2011 Volkswagen VW Touareg Hybrid SUV 2012 model
2011 Fisker Automotive Fisker Karma plug-in hybrid Automobile 2012 model
2011 Lexus Lexus CT 200h hybrid Automobile similar to Prius powertrain, 2ZR-FXE I4 engine
2011 Peugeot Peugeot 3008 HYbrid4 Automobile The world's first production diesel-electric hybrid
2011 Toyota Toyota Aqua hybrid Automobile Japan only. Named Prius c in the rest of the world
2012 Toyota Toyota Prius c hybrid Automobile Several world markets except Europe
2012 Toyota Toyota Prius Plug-in Hybrid Automobile It is based on the 2012 Prius third generation. Available in Japan, U.S. and Europe
2012 Toyota Toyota Yaris Hybrid Automobile Europe only. Available since June 2012.[12]
2012 Toyota Toyota Camry Hybrid 2nd generation Automobile 2012 model
2012 Honda Acura ILX Hybrid
2012 Toyota Lexus ES 300h Automobile 2012 model
2012 BMW BMW ActiveHybrid 5 2013 model
2012 BMW BMW ActiveHybrid 3 2013 model
2012 Ford Ford Fusion Hybrid 2nd generation Automobile 2013 model
2012 Ford Ford C-Max Hybrid Compact MPV 2013 model
2012 Ford Ford C-Max Energi plug-in hybrid Compact MPV/SUV 2013 model
2012 Volvo Volvo V60 Plug-in Hybrid (diesel) Wagon Scheduled for November 2012 (Europe only)
2012 Volkswagen Volkswagen Jetta Hybrid Automobile Scheduled for late 2012 as a 2013 model
2012 Toyota Toyota Avalon Hybrid Automobile Scheduled for late 2012 as a 2013 model
2013 Ford Ford Fusion Energi plug-in hybrid Automobile U.S. sales scheduled to begin by early 2013.
2013 Mitsubishi Mitsubishi Outlander P-HEV SUV Sales scheduled to begin in the Japanese market in the first half of 2013
2013 Honda Honda Accord Plug-in Hybrid Automobile 2014 model
2013 BMW BMW i3 REx Automobile This is the plug-in hybrid version of all-electric car scheduled for late 2013
2013 Fisker Surf Production is scheduled for 2013
2013 General Motors Cadillac ELR plug-in hybrid Automobile Scheduled for U.S. market launch by late 2013 as a 2014 model year.
2014 BMW BMW i8 Automobile Sales are scheduled to begin in 2014

2014 and beyondEdit

Unknown DateEdit

BusesEdit

Date unknownEdit

File:Praha, Holešovice, Výstaviště, Czech Bus, hybridní autobus Volvo.jpg

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. (French) Les voitures hybrides dans l'histoire on automania.be.
  2. History of Hybrid Vehicles | Hybrid Cars
  3. 3.0 3.1 The 1899 Lohner Porsche, the first Hybrid Vehicle?
  4. Extract of A. J. Wallis-Tayler, Motor vehicles for business purposes; A practical handbook for those interested in the transport of passengers and goods, 1905
  5. Lösch, Annamaria, ed. (1981), "Electric Cars", World Cars 1981 (Pelham, NY: The Automobile Club of Italy/Herald Books): 44, ISBN 0-910714-13-4 
  6. DaimlerChrysler Commercial Buses North America
  7. http://www.hino.com.au/Models/HybridLightmediumdutywidecabin/tabid/68/Default.aspx
  8. http://www.e-one.com/index.asp?n=75&p=75&s=76&pid=66
  9. http://www.greencarcongress.com/2008/02/update-on-eaton.html
  10. http://www.emediawire.com/releases/eaton/hybrid/emw622771.htm
  11. "Honda to Begin Sales of Two More Hybrid Models in 2010" (Press release). Honda. 2009-07-13. http://www.hondanews.info/news/en/corporate/c090713eng. Retrieved 2009-07-17. 
  12. Philippe Crowe (2012-06-25). France-Sourced Toyota Yaris US-Bound in 2013. HybridCars.com. Retrieved on 2012-09-12.
  13. Volvo promises diesel-electric plug-in hybrid by 2012. Motor Authority (2009-06-01). Retrieved on 2009-06-04.
  14. Scott Doggett (2009-06-01). Volvo Unveils Plug-in Diesel-Electric Hybrid Car, Says It Will Be Available in 2012. Edmunds.com. Retrieved on 2009-06-04.
  15. http://www.hybridcars.com/news/toyota-confirms-rav4-hybrid-27338.html
  16. Характеристики ё-мобилей (Russian). The official blog «Ё-auto» (14 December 2010). Retrieved on 2011-01-03.
  17. [1]
  18. "Saab planning hybrid based on GM system". Reuters. 2007-03-07. http://uk.reuters.com/article/motoringNews/idUKNOA74283120070307. 
  19. [2]
  20. Toyota FT-HS Concept is a Go For 2009 Automobile Magazine accessed on May 31, 2007
  21. Porsche to offer Cayenne Turbo Hybrid? - Autoblog
  22. Proton hybrid car in 2 or 3 years - paultan.org
  23. http://www.castrosua.com/index.html?idi=en
  24. http://www.busride.com/article.asp?IndexID=996
  25. http://www.scania.com/media/pressreleases/scania-testing-unique-hybrid-buses-in-stockholm.aspx
  26. http://www.wpk.katowice.pl/?itemid=1822
  27. http://www.transportweekly.com/pages/en/news/articles/50711/
  28. http://www.rbl.ch/index.php?id=127
  29. http://www.tecnobus.it/home/en/prodotti.html
  30. http://www.volvobuses.com/bus/global/en-gb/volvogroup/Environment/going%20greener/hybrid/Pages/hybrid.aspx
  31. http://www.treehugger.com/cars/chinas-new-hybrid-cars-almost-affordable-in-china.html
  32. http://www.cleancartalk.com/clean-car-talk-posts/changan-chana-motors-chinese-hybrid-car-manufacturer/

Category :Best Hybrid Cars http://www.allhybridcars.com

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