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List of solar thermal power stations

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This is a list of solar thermal power stations. These include the 354 megawatt (MW) Solar Energy Generating Systems power installation in the USA, Solnova Solar Power Station (Spain, 150 MW) and Andasol solar power station (Spain, 150 MW). The 370 MW Ivanpah Solar Power Facility, located in California's Mojave Desert, is the world’s largest solar thermal power plant project currently under construction. The Solana Generating Station is a 280 MW solar power plant which is under construction about 70 miles (110 km) southwest of Phoenix, Arizona. There are plans to build many other large solar thermal plants.

The solar thermal power industry was growing, planned with about 1.17 gigawatts (GW) of concentrating solar power (CSP) plants online as of 2011.[2] 582 megawatts of them are located in Spain, and the United States has 507 MW of capacity. About 17 GW of CSP projects are under development worldwide, and the United States leads with about 8 GW. Spain ranks second with 4.46 GW in development, followed by China with 2.5 GW.[2]

OperationalEdit

Operational Solar Thermal Power Stations
Capacity
(MW)
NameCountryLocationCoordinatesTechnology typeNotes
354 Solar Energy Generating Systems Flag of the United States.svg USA || Mojave Desert, California ||35°01′54″N 117°20′53″W / 35.03167°N 117.34806°W / 35.03167; -117.34806 (Solar Energy Generating Systems)|| parabolic trough || Collection of 9 units[3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11]
150 Solnova Solar Power Station Flag of Spain.svg Spain || Sanlúcar la Mayor ||37°25′00″N 06°17′20″W / 37.4166667°N 6.28889°W / 37.4166667; -6.28889 (Solnova Solar Power Station)|| parabolic trough || Solnova 1 completed May 2010
Solnova 3 completed May 2010
Solnova 4 completed August 2010[12][13][14][15][16]
150 Andasol solar power station Flag of Spain.svg Spain || Guadix ||37°13′42.70″N 3°4′6.73″W / 37.228528°N 3.0685361°W / 37.228528; -3.0685361 (Andasol solar power station)|| parabolic trough || Andasol 1 completed, 2008, with 7.5h thermal energy storage
Andasol 2 completed, 2009, with 7.5h thermal energy storage
Andasol 3 completed, 2011, with 7.5h thermal energy storage[17][18]
150 Extresol Solar Power Station Flag of Spain.svg Spain||Torre de Miguel Sesmero ||38°39′N 6°44′W / 38.65°N 6.733°W / 38.65; -6.733 (Extresol Solar Power Station)|| parabolic trough ||Extresol 1 completed February 2010, with 7.5h thermal energy storage
Extresol 2 completed December 2010, with 7.5h thermal energy storage
Extresol 3 completed August 2012, with 7.5h thermal energy storage[19][20][21]
100 Palma del Rio Solar Power Station Flag of Spain.svg Spain|| Palma del Río || 37°38′N 5°15′W / 37.633°N 5.25°W / 37.633; -5.25 (Palma del Rio Solar Power Station) || parabolic trough || Palma del Rio 2 completed December 2010[19]
Palma del Rio 1 completed July 2011[19]
100 Manchasol Power Station Flag of Spain.svg Spain|| Alcázar de San Juan || 39°11′N 3°18′W / 39.183°N 3.3°W / 39.183; -3.3 (Manchasol Power Station) || parabolic trough || Manchasol-1 completed January 2011, with 7.5h heat storage[19]
Manchasol-2 completed April 2011, with 7.5h heat storage[19]
100 Valle Solar Power Station Flag of Spain.svg Spain|| San José del Valle || 36°39′N 5°50′W / 36.65°N 5.833°W / 36.65; -5.833 (Valle Solar Power Station) || parabolic trough || Completed December 2011, with 7.5h heat storage[19][22]
100 Helioenergy Solar Power Station Flag of Spain.svg Spain || Écija || 37°34′43″N 5°9′24″W / 37.57861°N 5.15667°W / 37.57861; -5.15667 (Helioenergy Solar Power Station) || parabolic trough || Helioenergy 1 completed September 2011[23][24]
Helioenergy 2 completed January 2012[19][23][24]
100 Aste Solar Power Station Flag of Spain.svg Spain|| Alcázar de San Juan || 39°10′22″N 3°15′58″W / 39.17278°N 3.26611°W / 39.17278; -3.26611 (Helioenergy Solar Power Station) || parabolic trough || Aste 1A Completed January 2012, with 8h heat storage[19]
Aste 1B Completed January 2012, with 8h heat storage[19]
100 Solacor Solar Power Station Flag of Spain.svg Spain|| El Carpio || 37°54′54″N 4°30′9″W / 37.915°N 4.5025°W / 37.915; -4.5025 (Solacor Solar Power Station) || parabolic trough || Solacor 1 completed February 2012[19]
Solacor 2 completed March 2012[19][25]
100 Solaben Solar Power Station[26] Flag of Spain.svg Spain || Logrosán || || parabolic trough || Solaben 3 completed June 2012[19]
Solaben 2 completed October 2012[19]
100 Helios Solar Power Station Flag of Spain.svg Spain|| Puerto Lápice || || parabolic trough || Helios 1 completed May 2012[19]
Helios 2 completed August 2012[19]
75 Martin Next Generation Solar Energy Center Flag of the United States.svg USA || Indiantown, Florida ||27°03′11″N 80°33′00″W / 27.05306°N 80.55°W / 27.05306; -80.55 (Martin Next Generation Solar Energy Center)|| ISCC || steam input into a combined cycle[27]
64 Nevada Solar One Flag of the United States.svg USA|| Boulder City, Nevada ||35°48.0′N 114°58.6′W / 35.8°N 114.9767°W / 35.8; -114.9767 (Nevada Solar One)|| parabolic trough || Operational since 2007
50 Puertollano Solar Thermal Power Plant Flag of Spain.svg Spain || Puertollano, Ciudad Real |||| parabolic trough || Completed May 2009[28]
50 Alvarado I Flag of Spain.svg Spain||Badajoz||38°49′37″N 06°49′34″W / 38.82694°N 6.82611°W / 38.82694; -6.82611 (Alvarado I)|| parabolic trough ||Completed July 2009[29][30][31]
50 La Florida Flag of Spain.svg Spain||Alvarado (Badajoz)|||| parabolic trough ||Completed July 2010[19][32]
50 Majadas de Tiétar Flag of Spain.svg Spain||Caceres|||| parabolic trough || Completed August 2010[19][33]
50 La Dehesa Flag of Spain.svg Spain||La Garrovilla (Badajoz)|||| parabolic trough || Completed November 2010[19]
50 Lebrija-1 Flag of Spain.svg Spain||Lebrija|| || parabolic trough || Completed July 2011[19][34]
50Astexol 2 Flag of Spain.svg Spain||Badajoz|||| parabolic trough || Completed November 2011, with 7.5h thermal energy storage[19][35]
50 Morón Flag of Spain.svg Spain|| Morón de la Frontera |||| parabolic trough || Completed May 2012[19]
50 La Africana Flag of Spain.svg Spain|| Posada |||| parabolic trough || Completed July 2012, with 7.5h thermal energy storag[19]
50 Guzman Flag of Spain.svg Spain|| Palma del Río |||| parabolic trough || Completed July 2012[19]
50 Olivenza 1 Flag of Spain.svg Spain|| Olivenza|||| parabolic trough || Completed July 2012[19]
50 Orellana Flag of Spain.svg Spain|| Orellana la Vieja |||| parabolic trough || Completed August 2012[19]
31.4 Puerto Errado Flag of Spain.svg Spain||Murcia|| || fresnel reflector||Puerto Errado 1 completed April 2009[19][36]
Puerto Errado 2 completed February 2012[19][37]
25 Hassi R'mel integrated solar combined cycle power station Flag of Algeria.svg Algeria||Hassi R'mel|||| ISCC ||Completed June 2011[38][39]
22.5 Termosolar Borges Flag of Spain.svg Spain ||Borges Blanques|||| parabolic trough || Completed December 2012[19]
20 PS20 solar power towerFlag of Spain.svg Spain||Seville||37°26′38″N 06°15′34″W / 37.44389°N 6.25944°W / 37.44389; -6.25944 (PS20 solar power tower)||solar power tower|| Completed April 2009
20 Kuraymat Plant Flag of Egypt.svg Egypt||Kuraymat||||ISCC || Completed December 2010[39][40][41]
20 Beni Mathar Plant Flag of Morocco.svg Morocco||Ain Bni Mathar|||| ISCC ||[42][43]
19.9 Gemasolar Flag of Spain.svg Spain||Fuentes de Andalucia (Seville)||37°33′38.17″N 05°19′53.61″W / 37.5606028°N 5.3315583°W / 37.5606028; -5.3315583 (Gemasolar solar power tower)||solar power tower || Completed May 2011.[44] With 15h heat storage[19]
17 Yazd integrated solar combined cycle power stationFlag of Iran.svg Iran||Yazd||31°57′5″N 54°5′30″E / 31.95139°N 54.09167°E / 31.95139; 54.09167 (Yazd integrated solar combined cycle power station)||ISCC||World's first solar combined cycle power plant, to be constructed
11 PS10 solar power towerFlag of Spain.svg Spain||Seville||37°26′36.42″N 06°15′14.28″W / 37.44345°N 6.2539667°W / 37.44345; -6.2539667 (PS10 solar power tower)|| solar power tower || World's first
commercial solar tower
5 Kimberlina Solar Thermal Energy PlantFlag of the United States.svg USA||Bakersfield, California|||| fresnel reflector|| AREVA Solar, formerly Ausra demonstration
plant[45]
5 Sierra SunTower Flag of the United States.svg USA|| Lancaster, California ||34°46′0.0″N 118°8′0.0″W / 34.76667°N 118.13333°W / 34.76667; -118.13333 (Sierra SunTower)|| solar power tower || North America's only operating solar tower, completed August 2009[46][47][48]
5 Archimede solar power plant Flag of Italy.svg Italy ||Syracuse, Sicily||37°8′0″N 15°12′58″E / 37.133333°N 15.21611°E / 37.133333; 15.21611 (Archimede solar power plant)|| parabolic trough || ISCC with heat storage
Completed July 2010[49][50]
5 Thai Solar Energy (TSE) 1 Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand||Huaykrachao|| || parabolic trough || Completed November 2011[51]
9 Liddell Power Station Solar Steam GeneratorFlag of Australia.svg Australia||New South Wales||32°22′26″S 150°58′40″E / 32.37389°S 150.97778°E / -32.37389; 150.97778 (Liddell Power Station, New South Wales)|| fresnel reflector || electrical equivalent steam boost for coal station[52][53]
2.5 Acme Solar Thermal Tower Flag of India.svg India || || || solar power tower || Completed 2012[54]
2 Keahole Solar Power Flag of the United States.svg USA || Hawaii ||19°42′54″N 156°2′7″W / 19.715°N 156.03528°W / 19.715; -156.03528 (Keahole Solar Power, Keahole Point) || parabolic trough ||[55][56]
1.5 Jülich Solar TowerFlag of Germany.svg Germany||Jülich|||| solar power tower || Completed December 2008[57]
1.5 Beijing Badaling Solar Tower Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China || Beijing || 40°40′N 116°30′E / 40.667°N 116.5°E / 40.667; 116.5 (Beijing Badaling Solar Tower) || solar power tower || Completed August 2012[58][59]
1 Saguaro Solar Power Station Flag of the United States.svg USA ||Red Rock, Arizona |||| parabolic trough ||[60]
1 Yanqing Solar Power StationFlag of the People's Republic of China.svg China||Yanqing County||40°27′24″N 115°58′30″E / 40.45667°N 115.975°E / 40.45667; 115.975 (Yanqing Solar Power Station)||solar power tower|| Completed August 2010[61]
0.25 Shiraz solar power plantFlag of Iran.svg Iran||Shiraz||31°56′N 54°02′E / 31.933°N 54.033°E / 31.933; 54.033 (Shiraz solar power plant)|| parabolic trough || Iran's first solar power plant
0.25 Augustin Fresnel Solar Power Station[62] Flag of France.svg France || Targassonne || || fresnel reflector || prototype, complated 2012, 0.25h thermal energy storage
2135.8 Overall operational capacity
Solar thermal power stations
Solar Towers from left: PS10, PS20.  
The PS10 concentrates sunlight from a field of heliostats onto a central tower.  
Sopogy's Keahole Solar Power installation in Hawaii.  

Under construction Edit

Solar Thermal Power Stations under construction
Capacity (MW) Name Country Location Coordinates Expected completion Technology Notes
370 Ivanpah Solar Power Facility Flag of the United States.svg USA || San Bernardino County, California ||35°34′N 115°28′W / 35.567°N 115.467°W / 35.567; -115.467 (Ivanpah Solar Power Facility)||2013|| solar power tower ||[63][64]
280 Solana Generating Station Flag of the United States.svg USA || West of Gila Bend, AZ||32°55′N 112°58′W / 32.917°N 112.967°W / 32.917; -112.967 (Solana Generating Station)||2013|| parabolic trough ||with 6h heat storage[65][66]
280 Mojave Solar Project Flag of the United States.svg USA || Barstow, California || 35°00′40″N 117°19′30″W / 35.01111°N 117.325°W / 35.01111; -117.325 (Mojave Solar Project) || 2014 || parabolic trough || [67][68]
250 Genesis Solar Flag of the United States.svg USA || Blythe, California || 33°38′37.68″N 114°59′16.8″W / 33.6438°N 114.988°W / 33.6438; -114.988 (Genesis Solar) || 2014 || parabolic trough ||[69]
121 Ashalim power station Flag of Israel.svg Israel || Negev desert ||30°58′N 34°42′E / 30.967°N 34.7°E / 30.967; 34.7 (Ashalim power station)|| 2013 || parabolic trough ||[70][71]
110 Crescent Dunes Solar Energy Project Flag of the United States.svg USA || Nye County, Nevada ||38°14′N 117°22′W / 38.233°N 117.367°W / 38.233; -117.367 (Crescent Dunes Solar Energy Project)|| 2013/14 || solar power tower ||with 10h heat storage[72]
100 Shams Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg UAE || Abu Dhabi Madinat Zayad||23°34′N 53°42′E / 23.567°N 53.7°E / 23.567; 53.7 (Shams solar power station)|| 2013 ||parabolic trough ||[73][74]
100 Termosol 1+2 Flag of Spain.svg Spain||Navalvillar de Pela (Badajoz)|||| 2013 || parabolic trough ||[19]
100 Solaben 1+6 Flag of Spain.svg Spain||Logrosan|||| 2013 || parabolic trough ||[75][19]
100 Khi Solar One Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa || Upington || || 2014 || power tower || with 2h heat storage[76][77]
100 Kaxu Solar One Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa || Pofadder, Northern Cape || || 2014 || parabolic trough || with 3h heat storage[76][77]
100 El Reboso 2+3 Flag of Spain.svg Spain||El Puebla del Rio (Seville)||||2015|| parabolic trough ||[78][79]
50 Arenales PS Flag of Spain.svg Spain||Moron de la Frontera (Seville)|||| 2013|| parabolic trough ||[19][35][80]
50 Cargo Solar Power (Guj) P. Ltd. Flag of India.svg India||KUTCH (Gujarat)||23°22.233′N 70°41.988′E / 23.37055°N 70.6998°E / 23.37055; 70.6998 (Gujarat Solar One)|| 2013|| parabolic trough ||with 9h heat storage[citation needed]
50 Nokh Flag of India.svg India||Nokh (Rajasthan)|||| 2013|| parabolic trough || [81]
50 Casablanca Flag of Spain.svg Spain|| Casablanca |||| 2013|| parabolic trough ||[19]
50 Cáceres Flag of Spain.svg Spain|| Cáceres |||| 2013|| parabolic trough ||[19]
50 Enerstar Villena Power Plant Flag of Spain.svg Spain || Villena || || 2013|| parabolic trough ||[19][82]
50 Delingha Solar Power Plant Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China || Delingha || || 2013 || solar tower || [83][84]
50 Erdos Solar Power Plant Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China || Hanggin Banner || || 2013 || parabolic trough || [85]
27.5 Jinshawan Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China||China|||| ||solar updraft tower||

Operations underway at 200 kW.[86]

12 Alba Nova 1 Flag of France.svg France || Corsica ||||2013|| Fresnel || First utility-scale solar thermal plant in France[87]
1 e-Cube 1 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China || Hainan ||||2013|| Modular Heliostat || First Modular Heliostat solar thermal plant in the world[88]
1.4 THEMIS Solar Power Tower Flag of France.svg France ||Pyrénées-Orientales||42°30′5″N 1°58′27″E / 42.50139°N 1.97417°E / 42.50139; 1.97417 (Themis (solar power plant))|| || solar power tower || Hybrid solar/gas power plant[89]
1 Renovalia Flag of Spain.svg Spain||Albacete|||| ||dish||[19]
2526.9 Overall capacity under construction

Announced Edit

Announced — USAEdit

Solar Thermal Power Stations Announced in the USA
Capacity
(MW)
NameLocationCoordinatesTechnology typeNotes
500 Fort Irwin Solar Project San Bernardino County, California 35°14′47″N 116°40′55″W / 35.24639°N 116.68194°W / 35.24639; -116.68194 (Fort Irwin) unnamed solar thermal technology, military [90]
500 Palen Solar Power Project [91] Riverside County, California parabolic trough Bought by Brightsource [92]
340 Hualapai Valley Solar Project Mohave County, Arizona parabolic trough [93][94]
300 Unnamed Florida fresnel reflector [95]
250 Beacon Solar Energy Project Kern County, California parabolic trough [63]
250 Harper Lake Solar San Bernardino County, California parabolic trough [63]
200 Unnamed Kingman solar project Mohave County, Arizona parabolic trough [96]
200 Enviromission Australia Arizona solar updraft tower [97]
200 BrightSource PPA5 Mojave, California solar power tower [63]
200 BrightSource PPA6 Mojave, California solar power tower [63]
200 BrightSource PPA7 Mojave, California solar power tower [63]
150 Rice Solar Energy Project Riverside County, California solar power tower with 7h heat storage[63]
150 Crossroads Solar Energy Project Maricopa County, Arizona solar power tower with 10h heat storage[98][99]
100 Calico Solar Energy Project
(SES Solar One)
San Bernardino County, California  ?? [63][100]
92 Suntower Doña Ana County, New Mexico solar power tower [101][102]
84 eSolar 1 Los Angeles County, California solar power tower [63]
66 eSolar 2 Los Angeles County, California solar power tower [63]
62 City of Palmdale Hybrid Power Project Palmdale, California parabolic trough steam input for hybrid gas plant [63]
50 Victorville 2 Hybrid Power Project Victorville, California parabolic trough steam input for hybrid gas plant [63]
50 Sound Hybrid G Unannounced hybrid [103]
5 Kalaeloa Solar One MicroCSP Power Project Barbers Point Naval Air Station, Hawaii MicroCSP parabolic trough steam input for power generation with thermal storage [104]
4508 Overall capacity announced in the USA

Announced — SpainEdit

Solar Thermal Power Stations Announced in Spain
MWNameLocationCoordinatesTechnologyNotes
200 Andasol 4–7 Granada parabolic trough with heat storage [20]
100 Solnova 2, 4–5 Sevilla 37°25′00″N 06°17′20″W / 37.4166667°N 6.28889°W / 37.4166667; -6.28889 (Solnova Solar Power Station) parabolic trough with heat storage [105]
50 Ibersol Badajoz Fuente de Cantos parabolic trough [106]
50 Ibersol Valdecaballeros 1–2 Valdecaballeros parabolic trough [106]
50 Ibersol Sevilla Aznalcollar parabolic trough [106]
50 Ibersol Almería Tabernas parabolic trough [106]
50 Ibersol Albacete Almansa parabolic trough [106]
50 Ibersol Murcia Lorca parabolic trough [106]
50 Ibersol Zamora Cubillos parabolic trough [106]
100 Aste 3, 4 Alcázar de San Juan
(Ciudad Real)
parabolic trough [35]
50 Astexol 1 Extremadura parabolic trough [35]
50 AZ 20 Sevilla solar power tower [105]
50 Alcázar Solar Thermal Power Project Alcázar de San Juan solar power tower [107]
20 Almaden Plant Albacete solar power tower [108]
10 Gotasol Gotarrendura linear fresnel [109]
0.08 Aznalcollar TH Sevilla dish sterling [105]
1080.08 Overall capacity announced in Spain

Announced — other countriesEdit

Solar Thermal Power Stations Announced In Other Countries
Capacity MWNameCountryLocationCoordinatesTechnologyNotes
2000 unknown Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China || Mongolian desert, China || || solar power tower ||[110]
2000 Solar Energy Project Flag of Morocco.svg Morocco || Ouarzazate, Ain Beni Mathar, Foum Al Quad, Boujdour, Sebkhat Tah - Morocco || || unknown ||[111]
120 Shneur Solar Power Station Flag of Israel.svg Israel || Tze'elim, Israel || || parabolic trough ||[112]
100 CAP SunEdison Flag of Chile.svg Chile || Atacama Desert, Chile || || ||[113]
72 Mashhad solar-thermal power station Flag of Iran.svg Iran || Mashhad, Iran || || Parabolic dish with tracer system ||[114]
60 Mashavei Sadde solar-thermal power station Flag of Israel.svg Israel || Mashavei Sadde(Negev), Israel || || CSP ||[115]
50 Bokpoort Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa || Groblershoop || || 2015 || parabolic trough || with 9h heat storage[116]
30 Archetype SW 550 solar power plant Flag of Italy.svg Italy || Passo Martino(CT), Sicily || || Parabolic trough with heat storage, biomass integration and cogenerating desalination || [117][118]
14 Agua Prieta II integrated solar combined cycle power station Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico || Agua Prieta(Sonora), Mexico || || ISCC ||[119][120]
4546.0 Overall capacity announced in other countries

Out of commissionEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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  6. Solar Electric Generating Station IV
  7. Solar Electric Generating Station V
  8. Solar Electric Generating Station VI
  9. Solar Electric Generating Station VII
  10. Solar Electric Generating Station VIII
  11. Solar Electric Generating Station IX
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  15. Abengoa Solar begins commercial operation of Solnova 3
  16. Abengoa Solar Reaches Total of 193 Megawatts Operating
  17. Andasol 1 has started test run
  18. The Construction of the Andasol Power Plants
  19. 19.00 19.01 19.02 19.03 19.04 19.05 19.06 19.07 19.08 19.09 19.10 19.11 19.12 19.13 19.14 19.15 19.16 19.17 19.18 19.19 19.20 19.21 19.22 19.23 19.24 19.25 19.26 19.27 19.28 19.29 19.30 19.31 19.32 19.33 19.34 19.35 Lokalizacion de Centrales Termosolares en Espana
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  27. Here comes the sun! FPL's Next Generation Solar Energy Center to be world's first hybrid solar plant, first utility-scale solar facility in Florida
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  31. ACCIONA opens its first CSP plant in Spain, in Extremadura
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  50. AT PRIOLO ENEL INAUGURATES THE "ARCHIMEDE" POWER PLANT
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  57. Salt-Free Solar: CSP Tower Using Air
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  78. Boragis: El Reboso II
  79. Boragis: El Reboso III
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  83. SUPCON: Delingha 50 MW Solar Power Plant Succeed in Producing Steam
  84. NREL: Supcon Solar Project
  85. Project 6835 : Inner Mongolia Erdos 50MWp Groove Type Solar Thermal Project
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  104. KSP and the Department of Hawaiian Home Lands partner to build Hawaii's largest Concentrating Solar Power project
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  113. CAP y SunEdison firman acuerdo para construir en Chile la mayor planta solar de Latinoamérica
  114. Iran's biggest solar power plant
  115. Two Sigma and Hezzi Kogler plan to build solar thermal power station with a budget worth 300 Million NIS
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