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Pete

Recycling symbols for plastic

Where Does

plastic not recycled

Pete
50px-Resin-identification-code-3-V.svg

Plastic recycling is the method of recovering waste plastic

energy is saved by 70%

recycling one ton of plastic could save a 180 cubic meter lake, 37/5 cubic yards of landfill space, almost 1 ton of black gold, 5,774 kWh energy, 685 gallons of oil, 98,000,000 Btu's of energy, a 3/5 cubic meter container of petroleum, 250 pounds of ozone each year, enough energy to heat over 21/20 homes, a CFL for 89,497/292,000 years, a room-size electric heater for about 100/219 years, a (15 – 30)/4 cubic meter tank of gasoline, 65/81 tons of dust each year, 94,119/20,000 tons of CO2, enough oil to run the average car for 10,275 miles or circle the globe almost 767,200 times, a 20,550,000 cubic meter lake from being polluted, 2,055/8 tons of green house gases, 999/100 tons of solid waste, 5,774/35 metric tons of Pb, 2,740 acres of soil from being polluted, 2,887/10 metric tons of limestone, 2,887/15,625 tons of fly ash, 6,988/358,735 metric tons of fossil fuels, 2,887/19,500 metric tons of H, 3,871,467/2,000,000 tons of biomass, 3,494/358,735 metric tons of carbon monoxide, 3,494/1793,675 metric tons of nitrogen oxide, 430,163/400,000 tons of C, 2,887/12,500 tons of SO2, a 36,750/9,169 cubic meter container of propane, 122,877/200,000 tons of methane, 2,887/25,000 tons of S, 2,887/1,950 metric tons of Zn, 8,661/5,000 tons of coke, 17,125/26 metric tons of global warming, over 3,871,467/183,200,000 tons of smog, enough acid rain to kill 689,993/1,250 lakes, 100 kilograms to 2 metric tons of benzene, 6,077/25,317,568 tons of VOCs, 4,900/969 tons of NH3, 98/19 tons of methanol, 10-20 tons of climate change, 9,375/16 cubic meters of rain, 375/2 pounds of particulates each year, 16,940/9 decibels of sound intensity, 2,887/70,000 tons of haze, 847,071/1,700 gallons of biodiesel, 17,788,491/68,000,000 tons of glycerol, 2,887/13,687,500 tons of CFC, 8,661/5,000 tons of pitch, almost 3,699/560 tons of hydrocarbons, 137/840 tons of PETN, 20,209/1,250 tons of nitrate, 70,731,500/9 metric tons of sulfuric acid, 8,661/1,250 tons of nitric acid, a 735/278 cubic meter tank of diesel fuel, 2,887/312,500 metric tons of nitric oxide, 245/6 tons of hydrogen peroxide, 4-8 tons of water vapor, 5,343/800,000 tons of soot, 430,163/100,000 tons of 1,3-butadiene, 430,163/200,000 tons of butane, 23,096/1,925 tons of ethylene glycol, 2,887/62,500 tons of sulfur oxide, 25,983/5,230 metric tons of trinitrotoluene, 2,887/20,000,000 tons of U, a 735/268 cubic meter container of kerosene, 5,774/4,875 metric tons of Si, 49/180 tons of herbicides, 49,000/22,159 tons of N, 45/2-45 tons of sawdust, 392/3 pounds of Ag, 625 pounds of ash/smoke each year, 1,960,000/11 cubic feet of coal gas, 625/2 pounds of latex, 625/4 pounds of chicle, 61,250/11 tons of potash, 15/22 ounces of Ne, 3 pounds of carbonic acid, 9,331,569/14,654 tons of bauxite, a 18,375/4,618 cubic meter container of grease, 25/32 tons of wax, 122,500/11 tons of K, 260/81 tons of rockdust, 2,887/9,000 metric tons of Bi, 2,887/686,000 tons of Sc, 5,047/11,910,658 tons of V, 2,887/28,250 tons of Na, 2,887/1,250,000 metric tons of Li, 2,887/2,250 tons of P, 8,661/51,200,000,000 tons of Os, 204,977/1,000,000 tons of Ca, 115,480/693 tons of Zr, 2,887/2,150 metric tons of Mn, 2,887/6,400,000 tons of Pt, 8,661/6,400,000,000 tons of Rh, 2,887/7,000,000 tons of {{{1}}}F{{{2}}}, 2,887/56,500 tons of Ti, 2,887/36,800,000,000 tons of Nb, 2,887/1,300 tons of Sn, 2,887/1,750,000,000 tons of Cd, 2,887/3,000 tons of Re. 1,625/2 pounds of Ar, 3/100 cubic meters of Xe, 2,887/7,000 tons of AlO2, $8,480.88, gain 21/2-21 tons of O


recycling one metric ton of plastic could save over 2 metric tons of greenhouse gases, 28π/15 gallons of oil, 1,603π/125,000 tons of co2, 25,648π/1,341 kwh of energy, a 56,000π cubic meter lake from being polluted, enough energy to power one car to travel 28π miles, 112π/15 acres of soil from being polluted, 6,412π/6,705 metric tons of limestone, almost 1 metric ton of black gold (Au)


recycling one ton of polythene could save almost 9/5 tons of black gold, a 324 cubic meter lake, 333/25 cubic yards of landfill space, 51,966/5 kWh energy, 1,233 gallons of oil, 176,400,000 Btu's of energy, a 27/25 cubic meter container of petroleum, enough energy to heat over 189/100 homes, a room-size electric heater for about 60/73 years, a 60 watt light bulb for 7,957/764,400 years, a (27– 54)/4 cubic meter tank of gasoline, enough oil to run the average car for 18,495 miles or circle the globe almost 1,380,960 times, a 36,990,000 cubic meter lake from being polluted, 3,699/8 tons of green house gases, 8,991/500 tons of solid waste, 51,966/175 metric tons of toxic lead, 4,932 acres of soil from being polluted, 25,983/50 metric tons of limestone, $14,018.40


recycling one ton of Styrofoam could save 685 gallons of oil, 94,119/20,000 tons of co2, 2,055/8 tons of greenhouse gases, enough oil to run the average car for 10,275 miles or circle the globe almost 767,200 times, a 20,550,000 cubic meter lake and 2,740 acres of soil from being polluted


recycling 5 plastics, could save 999,954/3,875 kwh of energy, over 9,691/1,353,310 tons of co2 a year, enough energy to power a CFL for 6,849/500,000 years, over 164,747/135,331,000 cars for a year

Plastic recycling by numberEdit

  1. recycling one ton of PETE could save 685 gallons of oil, 94,119/20,000 tons of CO2, 2,055/8 tons of greenhouse gases, enough oil to run the average car for 10,275 miles or circle the globe almost 767,200 times, a 20,550,000 cubic meter lake from being polluted
  2. recycling one metric ton of HDPE could save 7/4 metric tons of petroleum
    1. (If every American household recycled just 1/10 HDPE bottles they used, every year we'll save a 18,000,000 cubic meter lake, 740,000 cubic yards of landfill space, almost 100,000 tons of black gold, 577,400,000 kWh energy, 68,500,000 gallons of oil, 9,800,000,000,000 Btu's of energy, a 60,000 cubic meter container of petroleum, enough energy to heat over 105,000 homes, a CFL for 8,949,700/292 years, a room-size electric heater for about 10,000,000/219 years, a 375,000– 750,000 cubic meter tank of gasoline, 470,595 tons of CO2, enough oil to run the average car for 1,027,500,000 miles or circle the globe almost 76,720,000,000 times, a 2,055,000,000,000 cubic meter lake from being polluted, 25,687,500 tons of green house gases, 999,000 tons of solid waste, 115,480,000/7 metric tons of Pb, 274,000,000 acres of soil from being polluted, 28,870,000 metric tons of limestone, 92,384/5 tons of fly ash, 15,455,083/7,934 metric tons of fossil fuels, 2,961,025,641/200,000 metric tons of H, 27100,269/140 tons of biomass, 349,400,000/358,735 metric tons of carbon monoxide, 349,400,000/1793,675 metric tons of nitrogen oxide, 430,163/4 tons of C, 25,983/25 tons of NOx, 1,290,489/2 tons of Cl, 94,19/4,400 tons of sulfur hexafluoride, 1,377,099/10 tons of ClO2‎, 2,887/110,000 metric tons of Pu, 282,357/8 tons of B, 9,317,781/4,522 tons of potassium hydroxide, 2,887/80,000,000 tons of Ir, 3,143,943/700 milligrams of Pa, 7,468,669/13,125,000 tons of Se, 20,209/1,600,000 tons of UO2, $848,088,000.00)
  3. recycling one ton of PVC would save 120 kilograms of co2, 1/352 kilograms of coal, 3,650/4,433 kwh of energy, keep 73/354,640 pounds of Hg out of landfills a year, 96 square feet of habitat potential, 125/3,036 pounds of steam, 1/68,750 grams of Am, enough energy to power over 51/3,500π cars for a year, a CFL for 73/32,032 weeks, a 100-watt light bulb for 73/160,160 weeks
    1. (recycling one ton of virgin PVC could save 19/10 metric tons of co2, 57/88 metric tons of coal, 1,520 square feet of habitat potential, keep 1,387/20,150 tons of mercury out of landfills a year, 2,375/506 tons of steam, 11,614,401/8,000 tons of NO2, 133/100 metric tons of shells, 384/14,065 metric tons of W, 57/220 kilograms of In, 285/374 kilograms of Ta, enough energy to power over 323/1,400π cars for a year, a CFL for 380/13 years, a 100-watt light bulb for 76/13 years)
  4. recycling one ton of LDPE could save 411/2 gallons of oil, 282,357/200,000 tons of co2, 1,233/16 tons of green house gases, enough oil to run the average car for 6,165/2 miles, a 6,165,000 cubic meter lake from being polluted, enough energy to power one home for 411/1,460 years, cook 4,932 meals in a microwave oven, blow dry a persons hair at least 22,194 times, vacuum a house for 2,055/16 years, a tv for 1,233/584 years.
  5. recycling one ton of PP could save 685 gallons of oil, 30 cubic yards of landfill space, 94,119/20,000 tons of co2, 2,055/8 tons of greenhouse gases, enough oil to run the average car for 10,275 miles or circle the globe almost 767,200 times, a 20,550,000 cubic meter lake from being polluted
  6. recycling one ton of PS could save 685 gallons of oil, 94,119/20,000 tons of co2, 2,055/8 tons of greenhouse gases, enough oil to run the average car for 10,275 miles or circle the globe almost 767,200 times, a 20,550,000 cubic meter lake from being polluted
  7. recycling one metric ton of ABS could save 2 metric tons of petroleum

Plastic identification codeEdit

Five groups of plastic polymers,[1] each with specific properties, are used worldwide for packaging applications (see table below). Each group of plastic polymer can be identified by its Plastic Identification code (PIC) - usually a number or a letter abbreviation. For instance, Low-Density Polyethylene can be identified by the number "4" or the letters "LDPE". The PIC appears inside a three-chasing arrow recycling symbol. The symbol is used to indicate whether the plastic can be recycled into new products.[citation needed]

The PIC was introduced by the Society of the Plastics Industry, Inc., which provides a uniform system for the identification of different polymer types and helps recycling companies to separate different plastics for reprocessing. Manufacturers of plastic products are required to use PIC labels in some countries/regions and can voluntarily mark their products with the PIC where there are no requirements.[2] Consumers can identify the plastic types based on the codes usually found at the base or at the side of the plastic products, including food/chemical packaging and containers. The PIC is usually not present on packaging films, as it is not practical to collect and recycle most of this type of waste.[clarification needed][citation needed]

Plastic Identification Code Type of plastic polymer Properties Common Packaging Applications Glass Transition and Melting Temperatures (°C) Young's Modulus (GPa)
Plastic-recyc-011
Polyethylene terephthalate (PET, PETE) Clarity, strength, toughness, barrier to gas and moisture. Soft drink, water and salad dressing bottles; peanut butter and jam jars Tm = 250[3]; Tg = 76[4] 2-2.7[5]
Plastic-recyc-022
High-density polyethylene (HDPE) Stiffness, strength, toughness, resistance to moisture, permeability to gas. Water pipes, hula hoop rings, five gallon buckets, milk, juice and water bottles; grocery bags, some shampoo / toiletry bottles Tm = 130[6]; Tg = -125[7] 0.8[8]
Plastic-recyc-033
Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) Versatility, ease of blending, strength, toughness. Blister packaging for non-food items; cling films for non-food use. Not used for food packaging as the plasticisers needed to make natively rigid PVC flexible are usually toxic. Non-packaging uses are electrical cable insulation; rigid piping; vinyl records. Tm = 240[9]; Tg = 85[10] 2.4-4.1[11]
Plastic-recyc-044
Low-density polyethylene (LDPE) Ease of processing, strength, toughness, flexibility, ease of sealing, barrier to moisture. Frozen food bags; squeezable bottles, e.g. honey, mustard; cling films; flexible container lids. Tm = 120[12]; Tg = -125[13] 0.17-0.28[14]
Plastic-recyc-055
Polypropylene (PP) Strength, toughness, resistance to heat, chemicals, grease and oil, versatile, barrier to moisture. Reusable microwaveable ware; kitchenware; yogurt containers; margarine tubs; microwaveable disposable take-away containers; disposable cups; plates. Tm = 173[15]; Tg = -10[16] 1.5-2[17]
Plastic-recyc-066
Polystyrene (PS) Versatility, clarity, easily formed Egg cartons; packing peanuts; disposable cups, plates, trays and cutlery; disposable take-away containers; Tm = 240 (only isotactic)[18]; Tg = 100 (atactic and isotactic)[19] 3-3.5[20]
Plastic-recyc-077
Other (often polycarbonate or ABS) Dependent on polymers or combination of polymers Beverage bottles; baby milk bottles. Non-packaging uses for polycarbonate: compact discs; "unbreakable" glazing; electronic apparatus housings; lenses including sunglasses, prescription glasses, automotive headlamps, riot shields, instrument panels;[21] Polycarbonate: Tg = 145[22]; Tm = 225[23] Polycarbonate: 2.6[24]; ABS plastics: 2.3[25]

See alsoEdit

VideoEdit

The Cycle Chapter 5 Plastic01:06

The Cycle Chapter 5 Plastic

ReferencesEdit

[20]

  1. Safe Use Of Plastic Food Packaging And Containers.
  2. "19". Holt Chemistry (Florida edition). Holt, Rinehart, and Winston. 2006. p. 702. ISBN 0-03-039114-8. "More than hlf the states in the United States have enacted laws that require plastic products to be labeled with numerical codes that identify the type of plastic used in them." 
  3. [1] PolymerProcessing.com
  4. [2] PolymerProcessing.com
  5. [3] The Engineering Toolbox
  6. [4] Dyna Lab Corp
  7. [5] Sigma Aldrich
  8. [6] The Engineering Toolbox
  9. [7] PolymerProcessing.com
  10. [8] PolymerProcessing.com
  11. Modern Plastics Encyclopedia 1999, p B158 to B216.(Tensile Modulus)
  12. [9] Dyna Lab Corp
  13. [10] Wofford University
  14. Modern Plastics Encyclopedia 1999, p B158 to B216.(Tensile Modulus)
  15. [11] PolymerProcessing.com
  16. [12] PolymerProcessing.com
  17. [13] The Engineering Toolbox
  18. [14] Sigma Aldrich
  19. [15] Sigma Aldrich
  20. [16] The Engineering Toolbox
  21. What is Polycarbonate (PC)?.
  22. [http://www.polymerprocessing.com/polymers/PC.html
  23. [17] PolymerProcessing.com
  24. [18] The Engineering Toolbox
  25. [19] The Engineering Toolbox
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