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Toyota Camry Hybrid

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The XV40 is the first Camry series that has been available with a gasoline/electric hybrid drivetrain (see: below). Known as the "Toyota Camry Hybrid", the gasoline–electric model premiered in January 2006—alongside the non-hybrid car.[1] Camry Hybrids were initially built solely at the Tsutsumi plant[2] in Toyota, Aichi, Japan,[3] although the hybrid has never been available for purchase in its home market.[4] Since October 2006, models for the North American market shifted production to Toyota Motor Manufacturing Kentucky in the United States.[5] Toyota Australia began local manufacture of the hybrid on December 11, 2009 at its Altona, Victoria plant.[6] In Australasia, the car is known as the "Toyota Hybrid Camry", as opposed to "Camry Hybrid".[7] Since May 2009, the hybrid model has also been produced at Toyota Motor Thailand's Gateway plant in Chachoengsao.[8] Unlike the Camry Hybrid models produced elsewhere, the Thai models are based on the "prestige Camry" design.[9] As of August 2009, worldwide sales of the Camry Hybrid represent 8.3 percent of Toyota's total hybrid sales, ranking second after the Toyota Prius, with more than 167,000 Camry Hybrids sold.[10] As of December 2009 cumulative sales of the Camry Hybrid had reached 154,977 units in the US, placing it as the third best selling electric hybrid car in that market.[11]

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File:Toyota Camry Hybrid badging.jpg

Compared to the gasoline-only variants, several features are unique to the hybrid. In addition to the hybrid powertrain, the Camry Hybrid employs electric power steering, brakes, and air conditioning that are fully operational once the internal combustion engine is deactivated.[12] The car can run in an all-electric mode, gasoline-only or both. A real-time dashboard screen shows power distribution and the operation of the hybrid system and the tachometer is replaced by an analog fuel economy readout.[13][14] The hybrid drivetrain has also necessitated a redesigned front subframe, along with remodeled rear and center floor pressings.[13] This was required to accommodate the battery pack, which is stowed in the trunk.[15][16] Other differences include wheel spats and underbody pans which reduce aerodynamic drag from 0.28 to 0.27 cd,[17][18] an "Eco" operating mode for the HVAC system that reduces the output of air conditioning to assist fuel economy,[19] and Vehicle Dynamics Integrated Management (VDIM).[14] Cosmetic changes are limited to redesigned tail lights with LEDs,[20][21] a chrome-lined grille, as opposed to the color-coded version on every other Camry trim,[22] and hybrid-oriented emblems including "Hybrid" badging on the front fenders and a decklid-mounted "Hybrid Synergy Drive" logo.[23]

For the facelifted version that debuted at the January 2009 North American International Auto Show, Toyota worked to better differentiate the styling of the hybrid away from the rest of the Camry range.[24] This was achieved by fitting a distinct front fascia with a large, central air dam, vertically slotted fog lamps, and a single-blade grille.[25] From the rear, the tail lamps abstain from the primarily red lens inserts fitted previously, to predominantly clear lenses,[26] while the interior receives a newly designed fuel economy gauge.[27] The design registrations for the facelifted Camry Hybrid, noting changes made to the original were filed on December 19, 2008 at the US Patent and Trademark Office.[28]

References Edit

  1. Detroit Show: 2007 Toyota Camry and Hybrid Version Debut. Edmunds (2006-01-10). Retrieved on 2010-06-16.
  2. Rechtin, Mark (2006-05-08). Maxed Out?. Automotive News. Crain Communications. Retrieved on 2010-06-16.
  3. Agence France-Presse (2010-03-29). Toyota global sales up 13% in February. Bangkok Post. Retrieved on 2010-06-16.
  4. Abuelsamid, Sam (2009-09-04). Toyota tops 2 million hybrid sales worldwide. Autoblog Green. Retrieved on 2010-08-03.
  5. Sancya, Paul (2006-03-28). Camry Hybrid price set at $25,900. MSNBC. Retrieved on 2010-06-16.
  6. Template:Cite news
  7. Fallah, Alborz (2010-02-08). Toyota Hybrid Camry Launched. Car Advice. Retrieved on 2010-06-16.
  8. Santivimolnat, Santan (2009-05-21). Toyota: Hybrid won't be costly. Bangkok Post. Retrieved on 2010-06-16.
  9. Korzeniewski, Jeremy (2009-06-01). Toyota Camry Hybrid gets nip/tuck for ASEAN market intro. Autoblog. Retrieved on 2010-06-16.
  10. Toyota Global Cumulative Hybrid Sales Top 2M. Green Car Congress (2009-09-04). Retrieved on 2010-06-12.
  11. HEV Sales by Model (XLS). Advanced Vehicles Data Center. Retrieved on 2010-06-16.
  12. Maric, Paul (2010-02-22). Toyota Camry Hybrid Review & Road Test. Car Advice. Retrieved on 2010-06-16.
  13. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Carey_.282008.29
  14. 14.0 14.1 Wilson, Greg (2008-01-25). Test Drive: 2008 Toyota Camry Hybrid. CanadianDriver. Retrieved on 2010-06-16.
  15. Toyota Camry Hybrid. CarSeek. Retrieved on 2010-06-26.
  16. McChugh, Bob (2010-06-24). Camry hybrid still a gold standard?. The Gazette. Canwest Publishing. Retrieved on 2010-06-26.
  17. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Camry_Hybrid_cuts_the_drag
  18. 2010 Toyota Camry. Times Union. Hearst Corporation. Retrieved on 2010-06-16.
  19. DeMatio, Joe (April 2006). Auto Shows: 2007 Toyota Camry and Camry Hybrid; Lexus LS460 and LS460L shown at Detroit show. Automobile Magazine. Source Interlink Media. Retrieved on 2010-06-16.
  20. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named 2007_Toyota_Camry_-_First_Drive
  21. Road Test: 2009 Toyota Camry Hybrid vs 2009 Chevrolet Malibu Hybrid. MotorWeek. Maryland Public Television. Retrieved on 2010-06-26.
  22. Maetzig, Rob (2009-08-27). Review: Toyota Camry. Taranaki Daily News. Fairfax Media. Retrieved on 2010-06-16.
  23. Williams, G. Chambers (2006-06-28). 2007 Toyota Camry Hybrid. Cars.com. Retrieved on 2010-06-16.
  24. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named 2010_Camry_facelift_revealed
  25. Mays, Kelsey (2009-02-17). 2010 Toyota Camry Hybrid. Cars.com. Retrieved on 2010-06-16.
  26. Prueter, Jim (September 2009). 2010 Toyota Camry Hybrid. AAA MountainWest. Retrieved on 2010-06-16.
  27. New 2010 Toyota Camry Hybrid. NewCars.com. Retrieved on 2010-06-16.
  28. United States Design Patent D607379. United States Patent and Trademark Office (2010-01-05). Retrieved on 2012-06-23.

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