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Wind power in Oklahoma

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The U.S. State of Oklahoma has high potential capacity for wind power, in the western half of the state.

Growth Edit

Installed wind power
Year Capacity
(MW)[1]
Generation
(GWh)[2]
2003 176 54.470
2004 176 572.744
2005 475 847.773
2006 535 1,712.441
2007 689 1,849.144
2008 708 2,358.080
2009 1,031 2,698.199
2010 1,482 3,808.083
2011 2,007 5,369

Some of the wind farms in Oklahoma include:

The $3.5 billion, 800 mile, Plains and Eastern Clean Line transmission line was approved in 2012, which will when completed in 2017 have the capacity to deliver 7,000 MW of wind power. In general it takes longer to build transmission capacity than it takes to build wind farms, resulting in the slowing of the development of wind power.

In 2010 Oklahoma adopted a goal of generating 15% of its electricity from renewable sources by 2015.[3]

Wind power accounted for 10.5% of the electricity generated in Oklahoma during 2012.[4]

Potential Edit

File:Oklahoma wind resource map 50m 800.jpg

Being centrally located in the midwest, the western half of Oklahoma is in America's wind tunnel, a corridor stretching from North Dakota south into the Texas panhandle, where the vast majority of the country's best on-shore wind resources are located.[5] Oklahoma has the potential to install 517,000 MW of wind turbines, capable of generating 1,521,652 GWh each year. This is over one third of all the electricity generated in the United States in 2011.[6]

Economic benefits Edit

File:Weatherford Oklahoma wind turbine blade 2642750096 0df17a75ff o.jpg

Oil was discovered in Oklahoma in 1859, and for the first years of the 20th century was the largest oil producer in the world. Peak production of 762,000 barrels/day was reached in 1927.[7]:p.98 In 2010, Oklahoma produced the 6th most oil of any U.S. state, 147,000 barrels/day. As wind begins to replace oil in importance, Oklahoma will continue to be an energy producing state, producing more than it uses, but from wind, instead of from oil. While increased drilling for oil only precipitates the inevitable drop in oil production, increased investment in wind accelerates the economic benefits.[7]:p.105

Wind generationEdit

Oklahoma Wind Generation in 2011
Oklahoma Wind Generation (GWh, Million kWh)
Year Total Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec
2009 2,698 183 182 233 233 159 175 140 172 152 253 269 308
2010 3,808 252 187 389 400 305 360 265 260 311 299 408 375
2011 5,369 319 446 519 531 510 514 329 336 343 498 626 469
2012 8,234 632 555 744 634 726 639 570 453 516 791 823 1023

Source:[8][9][10]

See also Edit

References Edit

  1. U.S. Installed Wind Capacity
  2. Generation Annual. U.S. Department of Energy (July 10, 2012). Retrieved on August 6, 2012.
  3. Oklahoma Governor Approves Energy Security Act. SolarIndustryMag.com (May 28, 2010).
  4. Wind Now 10% of Electricity in Nine States, Over 20% in Iowa, South Dakota. RenewableEnergyWorld.com (March 18, 2013).
  5. 80 Meter Wind Map. National Renewable Energy Lab. Department of Energy. Retrieved on 12 May 2011.
  6. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (2012-07-04). U.S. Renewable Energy Technical Potentials. U.S. Department of Energy.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Oklahoma Oil: Past, Present, and Future
  8. EIA (July 27, 2012). Electric Power Monthly Table 1.17.A.. United States Department of Energy. Retrieved on 2012-08-15.
  9. EIA (July 27, 2012). Electric Power Monthly Table 1.17.B.. United States Department of Energy. Retrieved on 2012-08-15.
  10. Electric Power Monthly, February 2013, Energy Information Administration

External links Edit

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